We are working towards a road map for decentralised waste management and aim for "Zero-waste" to become a national policy.
Over the last 8 years, we have advocated for sustainable solid waste management (SWM) at a policy level in Bangalore, focussing on implementing the following structural changes:
- Mandating segregation at source
- Mandating waste stream, destination based collection and transportation
- Promoting inclusion of informal sector in recycling
- Promoting waste to compost/gas/recycling and not incineration
- Promoting maximising of localised processing and minimising of landfill/dumping
We have worked closely with the BBMP, the Directorate of Municipal Administration of Karnataka and the State Pollution Control Board to initiate a number of changes in the approach of the Municipality towards solid waste - moving the city from waste ‘Disposal’ to ‘Management’ through adoption of sustainable practices.
2000 waste pickers got ID cards
SWMRT has played a role in pushing the recognition of the waste workers and the inclusion of them in the formal SWM system.
Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filled in High Court (HC) of Karnataka
SWMRT is core supporter to the petitioner with regards to research, technical knowledge and solutions to frame relevant submissions to the High Court
Segregation at source is mandatory
- Every citizen has the fundamental duty to segregate at source. Thus, it is mandatory for every household to segregate into wet-dry-reject, and hazardous waste so that the BBMP can collect the segregated waste.
- The Municipal Authority to issue a circular to citizens that segregation at source is mandatory.
- The executive Magistrates are invested with powers to impost fines on households, which are failing to segregate garbage into dry and wet garbage.
With this order BBMP for the first time recognised different waste streams, and that collection must be done separately.
Dry Waste Collections Centres
Waste pickers are given ID cards and ensured the right to the dry waste.
Decentralised Waste Management
Extended Producers Responsibility -EPR
The High Court orders
- the Municipal Authority to seek the assistance of manufacturers of plastic carry bags, multi-layered plastic pouches or sachets or of brand owners using such products
- the Municipal authority to work out the modalities of a mechanism based on Extended Producers responsibility involving such manufacturers and brand owners either individually or collectively, as feasible or set up such collection systems through its own agencies
- the Municipal authority to encourage the use of plastic waste by adopting suitable technology such as road construction, co incineration etc.
Waste streams need destination
Wet waste processing plants are being set up and Dry Waste Collections Centres are after this being built in each ward.
Definition of Bulk Generators (BG)
- they should be treated as separate class by the BBMP
- they are responsible for handling their waste in-situ
Tenders should be specified
- That tenders should be specified in order to ensure segregation at source, proper separate collection and handling of the waste.
- A contractor cannot have more than 5 tenders packages at a time. This is to prevent Cartel formation
- The system 2bin1bag, made by the SWMRT in 2014, shall be mandatory for citizens and bulk generators alike
- Every day the waste shall be handed over to waste collectors shall adopt. Thus, ensuring segregation at source and sustainable decentralised waste management
- The BBMP shall carry out awareness activities for citizens